Thyroid Enlargement, Symptoms, And Treatment

Thyroid – an indispensable organ of the endocrine system that produces substances that are responsible for many important processes. That is, it is responsible for the activity of the brain, heart activity, muscle tone, metabolic processes. Therefore, any thyroid problems will sooner or later be reflected in other organs and systems.

It is noted that thyroid disease develops much more often in women than in the stronger sex, and one of the common pathologies is the increase in this organ. Often, this is due to a lack of iodine intake, poor environmental conditions, constant stress, chronic infectious diseases, bad habits. We will find out what are the symptoms of diffuse enlargement of the thyroid gland and the methods of treatment for this diagnosis.

Symptoms of an increase in the thyroid gland

Symptoms of an increase in the thyroid and its hormones are not immediately apparent and depend on the stage of pathology. It is possible to observe changes only with palpation examination, ultrasound or X-ray examination. There are 5 stages of enlargement of the thyroid with such signs:

    1. In the first phase, when the palpation is increased, the gland is not diagnosed, but during swallowing of saliva and food, the patient may feel some discomfort.
    2. In the second stage, the enlarged lobes of the gland are already examined, and their increased isthmus is noticeable.
    3. The third stage is characterized by a visually appreciable size of the organ, which thickened the neck, changing its contours.
    4. The thyroid with the rise in the fourth degree starts not only to move forward but also to the sides. Swallowing functions are considerably hampered.
    5. The hardest stage leads to disfigurement. The trachea and esophagus are traumatized, hindering the swallowing and breathing processes, the voice changes, and the patient feels considerable pain and discomfort.

Thyroid-Enlargement-Symptoms And-Treatment

The increase in the thyroid can be substantiated by such manifestations as follows:

    • Decrease or weight gain without obvious reasons;
    • Palpitations;
    • Fatigue, tiredness;
    • Irritability;
    • Problems with sleep;
    • Loss and dullness of the hair;
    • Sweat;
    • Irregular menstruation;
    • visual impairment;
    • Trembling of the hands;
    • inexplicable cough;
    • Stool diseases etc.

Treatment with an increase in the thyroid gland

To properly treat this pathology, the necessary diagnostic measures must first be performed, including:

    • a blood test for hormones;
    • Ultrasound;
    • Computer-assisted axial tomography
    • Core scans, etc.

The treatment methods depend on the reasons for the increase in the thyroid gland, stages of the pathological process, comorbidities. It is easy to guess that the most easily treatable enlargement of the thyroid gland is 1 degree, so it is very important to early detection of the pathology. Neglected cases usually fail without surgical treatment.

In most cases, substitution therapy – taking hormone preparations. Also, drugs that inhibit the functioning of the gland can recommend a special diet. One of the modern methods of treatment is radioiodine therapy – the use of radioactive iodine preparations to destroy glandular tissue.

Treatment of thyroid enlargement by FolkMittel can be performed only after diagnosis and with the permission of the doctor. The most effective folk method for the treatment of thyroid disease is the use of an alcohol tincture of cinquefoil white.

Is Hepatitis C Curable

Hepatitis C (HCV) is increasingly found in gay men, especially HIV-positive ones. Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is no vaccine and even a cured disease does not protect against further infection. Thanks to new therapies, however, hepatitis C can today be cured in three months.

Brief information on hepatitis C

    • Hepatitis C is transmitted by blood, for example during sex, but especially when splitting syringes during drug use.
    • Without treatment, the disease often becomes chronic and can have serious health consequences.
    • In most cases, a disease with hepatitis C can be cured with therapy within three months.
    • Unlike hepatitis A & B, where there is no vaccine. You can always get infected with hepatitis C.
    • This is how you protect yourself: Clean syringes during drug use (“sharing nothing”) and gloves when fisting. With long and violent sex is sometimes blood in the game – then protect condoms.

Protection

Hepatitis C is often detected too late and can lead to severe liver damage. She is diagnosed by a blood test. Because hepatitis C is transmitted by blood, you can follow a few simple protection rules.

There is no vaccine against hepatitis C, and even after a cure, you can get infected again. You can protect yourself with the following measures:

Only use your own accessories when using drugs. If blood can be involved in sex practices, gloves protect against fisting or condoms while having sex.

When having sex

    • Do not share sex toys like dildos with others. It is best to always put on a new condom or thoroughly clean or disinfect the toys.
    • When fucking protect condoms, take for each partner a new condom. If you want to fuck without a condom, you should at least take more lube than usual, but less poppers – then it is not so easy to bleed.
    • Do you have more than ten sex partners a year and/or do you have tough sex practices? Check your hepatitis C once a year.

When fisting

    • Use gloves when felling – take a new glove for each new partner. Use a separate lubricant pot for each fist partner.

When substance use

    • If you inject anabolic steroids or other substances, do not share the needle with others. Incidentally, this also applies to razor blades and toothbrushes. Make sure tattoos and piercings are hygienic.
    • Do you take cocaine or speed, just pull your line through your own tube. Coke and speed attack the nasal mucosa and lead to minor bleeding there – a tiny amount of blood on the tube is enough for infection with HCV!

is-hepatitis-c-curable

How is Hepatitis C transmitted?

The hepatitis C virus is transmitted by blood. Even the tiniest traces of blood, which may not be visible at all, can lead to an infection.

Transmission during sex is rare in HIV negatives. The risk is probably increased when it comes to bleeding during sex, for example when fisting or violent, long fucking. HCV-containing blood could also be transmitted in the joint use of toys or in group sex, if one guy have sex or fists several others (with or without a condom).

Infections occur especially when injecting drugs such as ketamine, crystal, or heroin, but also when snorting (injecting drugs through the nose) when splitting syringes or other accessories such as tubes: HCV can “survive” in blood leftovers for up to three weeks,

Symptoms

In more than three-quarters of cases, acute hepatitis C is not noticed at all, which means that there are no or only mild symptoms or complaints. In about 10 to 20% of cases, flu-like symptoms occur, sometimes it can also cause yellowing of the eyes and skin. Usually, hepatitis is discovered but only at a blood test.

About three-quarters of the infections become chronic. Most chronic hepatitis C infections run for years or decades asymptomatic or symptom-poor (with fatigue, abdominal pain, fatigue, and recurrent transient elevations in liver function), and even chronic hepatitis can heal spontaneously.

In about one-third of untreated chronic infections, there is an aggressive course with a connective tissue remodeling of the liver (fibrosis), in about 20 percent of infected people after years or decades to cirrhosis with increasing loss of liver function and increased risk of liver cell cancer.

How is hepatitis C treated?

Since acute hepatitis C infection in most cases does not cause disease symptoms, it often goes unnoticed and subsequently untreated.

Hepatitis C is curable in most cases within three months of therapy. Since 2014 there are new drugs that are well tolerated. One tablet is taken once a day.

Important: Every chronic hepatitis C infection should be treated! Sooner or later, the virus will damage the liver.

The therapy is carried out by specialized doctors. These are e.g. HIV specialist practices and physicians for gastrointestinal diseases (gastroenterologists).

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Causes And The Typical Symptoms

The use of the term “autism” comes from Greek which means “to be very self-reliant”. By Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger, the term was first used for children with a profound developmental disorder. Autistic disorders can be very different. Today we speak of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

People with a disorder from the autism spectrum perceive their environment differently (autistic perception). They can barely empathize with other people and communicate adequately with them. They can not recognize the mood of their counterpart from his face. Contacts are rather avoided. They are happy to deal with a specialty. They have difficulty adjusting to the new and the desire to make everyday routines always the same (rituals). Often they are oriented towards details and have difficulty comprehending a situation holistically. In many cases, those affected are rather awkward in their movements.

Over- or hypersensitivity to light, smells, sounds or touch is common. They show z. As a fascination for light or shiny surfaces, as anxiety reactions to special noises, as a fondness for intense body contacts or as a conspicuous Beriechen or feeling of surfaces and objects. These over-or under-sensitivities (the autistic perception) mean that children or adults of the autism spectrum have great problems understanding their environment as a meaningful whole. Achieving learning success is made more difficult.

These autistic characteristics can be very pronounced – they then impede the development of a child significantly and usually occur in the first three years of life. In this case, one speaks of early childhood autism.

If the characteristics are less clearly recognizable, they are often noticeable later on in the environment of the person or person himself. The diagnosis then made is also known as Asperger syndrome. The symptoms vary greatly from person to person and change in their expression during the course of development.

In general:

The causes of autism spectrum disorders are still not fully understood. Certain factors play a role in the development. Genetic influences and biological processes before, during, and after birth can impair the development of the brain and trigger autism spectrum disorder. It does not arise from parenting or family conflicts. With targeted support and support, people with autism can develop their skills and be better integrated into society.

Until about 1980, severely affected children with early childhood autism were diagnosed as “autistic”. With the concept of autism spectrum disorders, the diagnosis was made more frequently. Recent studies show that about 1% of the population is affected by an autism spectrum disorder (boys or men more often than girls and women).

“Some sounds hurt my ears as if the drill hits a nerve at the dentist.”

– Temple Grandin

Forms of the autism spectrum

Early childhood autism

The children described by the American child psychiatrist Leo Kanner in 1943 were diagnosed with childhood autism. Therefore one knows the name Kanner autism. Kanner’s description and definition have long shaped the image of childhood autism.

causes-of-autism-spectrum-disorder

The affected children have abnormalities in three areas:

    • In language and communication: z. Late or missing speech development or loss of existing speech, frequent repetition of words or sentences.
    • Abnormalities of social interactions: z. B. Special features in eye contact, facial expressions, and gestures, little interest in other people or awkward forms of contact, lack of understanding of processes within groups.
    • Repetitive, restricted, and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities: B. Turning on wheels of toy cars, stringing objects, conspicuous hand or body movements, sticking to habits, trouble with program changes.

First indications are often available from the age of 12 months. With 2 – 2 1/2 years, a reliable diagnosis can usually be made. Children with early childhood autism often show a general developmental backlog.

Atypical autism

In children with an autistic disorder, the symptoms are not present in all three areas mentioned, they have only become clear later or not very pronounced, it is called atypical autism.

In children with early childhood or atypical autism, the general level of development and their functional level in everyday life is of great importance. One differentiates, therefore “high” and “low” functioning autism, the border lies with an IQ of approximately 70.

Asperger syndrome

The Viennese pediatrician Hans Asperger wrote about children, who especially had big problems finding their way in groups.

Children with Asperger’s Syndrome develop normal linguistic and cognitive development during the first years of life. Their problems often only become clear when they spend more time with other children. They also show abnormalities in different areas:

    • Impairment of social behavior: eg. For example, reduced interest in peers, difficulties in putting oneself in others, often awkward social interactions with other people.
    • Speech and speech disorders: z. For example, a prudent, pedantic language or a special speech melody, literal understanding, and thus trouble with irony or puns.
    • Abnormalities in nonverbal communication: z. B. in eye contact or in the use of facial expressions and gestures.
    • Distinctive interests that take a lot of time, are repetitively exercised and often have a more technical character. Preference for formulas, timetables, technical details, historical data or the like; Girls and women are also often interested in people with special gifts or for individual species.

In addition, there are often difficulties to adapt to new and the desire to make everyday routines always the same (rituals). In many cases, those affected are awkward in their movements. They are often hypersensitive to bright light, special sounds smell, or touch.

In contrast to the other autistic forms, the problems of the affected children or adolescents are often only apparent in kindergarten or at school – sometimes even as adults.

The perception and thinking of people with Asperger syndrome are very different from that of other “neurotypical” people. They are able to quickly get an overview of a new situation, while “Aspergers” (as people with Asperger’s Syndrome call themselves) often perceive many details and then try to identify a system behind them. Often they also have a very good memory for these details.

New classification of autism spectrum disorders

Many studies have shown that professionals usually agree on when to make an autism diagnosis. The American autism specialists have decided to only use the diagnosis “Autism Spectrum Disorder” (ASS) in their DSM-5 diagnostic system. In order to describe the affected persons in more detail, it is noted whether an ASD with or without speech disorder, mental disability, or, for example, epilepsy exists. The severity of the autistic disorder is described by the person’s need for support (low, medium, or high). The ICD-10 diagnostic system used by the WHO and in Switzerland is currently being revised. It is not yet clear whether ICD-11 will take on all the new features of DSM-5.

The other side of autism

So far, the majority of the speech was about difficulties and problems that autistic people have to deal with in everyday life. But they also have many strengths.

People from the autistic spectrum are usually honest and open and direct in their communication. Thoughts and lies are alien to them. If you are interested in a topic or activity, you can study it with great enthusiasm and perseverance and acquire a lot of knowledge and skills. Associated activities perform them conscientiously and concentrated. For works that demand accuracy and a sense of detail, people with autism have a good chance of evolving. Promising is the connection of the special interest with education and profession.

Biochemistry Of The Blood Transcript

Biochemical blood test – a method of blood testing, often used in therapy, rheumatology, gastroenterology, and other fields of medicine. It is this laboratory analysis that most accurately reflects the health of systems and organs.

Glucose in the blood biochemistry

About a day after you have donated blood, get the results of biochemistry. They indicate the amount of the contents of various substances. It is quite difficult for a person without medical education to independently understand the results of the analysis. But today the interpretation of the analysis of blood biochemistry is always attached in the medical institutions.

The sugar content in the blood is the index of carbohydrate metabolism. In the norm of glucose should not be more than 5.5 mmol / l and not less than 3.5 mmol / l. A steady increase in this indicator is most commonly observed when:

    • Cushing’s syndrome;
    • Diabetes;
    • permanent excessive physical exertion;
    • hyperthyroidism;
    • pheochromocytoma;
    • Diseases of the endocrine glands.

If you have a lower glucose level The general biochemistry of the blood, the decoding will indicate that you have an insulin overdose, a deficiency in the function of the endocrine glands, or severe poisoning that is accompanied by liver damage.

biochemistry-of-the-blood-transcript

Pigments in the biochemistry of the blood

In deciphering the blood test for biochemistry the amount of pigments – bilirubin direct and bilirubin total – is given. The standard of total bilirubin is 5-20 μmol / l. A strong change in this indicator is characteristic of various liver diseases (for example, hepatitis and cirrhosis), mechanical jaundice, poisoning, liver cancer, cholelithiasis, and vitamin B12 deficiency.

The norm of direct bilirubin is 0-3.4 μmol/l. If you have blood biochemistry and this indicator is higher, the decryption may indicate that you have the following:

    • Syphilis;
    • toxic or acute viral hepatitis;
    • cholecystitis;
    • infectious liver disease; 

Fats in biochemical blood analysis

If there is a violation of lipid metabolism in the blood, the content of lipids and/or their fractions (cholesterol esters and triglycerides) is increased. The interpretation of these indicators in the results of blood biochemistry assays is very important as they are very important for a correct assessment of the functional ability of the kidney and liver in a variety of diseases. Normally it should be:

    • Total cholesterol – 3.0-6.0 mmol / l;
    • Triglycerides 0.40-2.70 mmol / l (depending on age).

Water and mineral salts in blood biochemistry

There are several inorganic substances: potassium, folic acid, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, chlorine. Injuries of water-mineral metabolism of any kind are very commonly observed in severe and mild forms of diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis and heart problems.

Normally, the potassium level should be within 3.5-5.5 mmol / l. If there is an increase in its concentration, then the biochemistry of blood for women and men declares that this is hyperkalemia. This condition is characteristic of hemolysis, acute renal failure, dehydration, and adrenal insufficiency. A strong decrease in potassium content means Hypokalemia. This condition is a sign of impaired renal function, cystic fibrosis, an excess of hormones in the adrenal cortex.

In the analysis of blood biochemistry, the sodium standard is 136-145 mmol / l. An increase in this indicator usually indicates a violation of the function of the adrenal cortex or the pathology of the hypothalamus.

Normally chlorine in the blood ranges from 98-107 mmol/l. If the indicators are larger, the person may have dehydration, salicylate poisoning, or adrenocortical dysfunction. However, the decrease in chloride content is observed with vomiting, a significant increase in fluid volume, and excessive sweating.

Carbohydrates are The Most Important Nutrients

Carbohydrates are the most important nutrients in humans besides fats and proteins. They are formed from the substances carbon, water, and oxygen, through photosynthesis, in the plants using solar energy and chlorophyll.

Carbohydrates can be divided into:

    • Simple sugars (monosaccharides):
    • Glucose, fructose, galactose
    • (Low molecular weight)
    • Double sugar (disaccharides):
    • Sucrose, lactose, maltose
    • (Low molecular weight)
    • Multiple sugars (polysaccharides):
    • Starch, glycogen, cellulose
    • (High molecular weight)

The various carbohydrates of food are converted into glucose in the body. From glucose, cells can also synthesize other sugars for specific tasks. The carbons are in the body in constant assembly and disassembly.

Tasks of carbohydrates in the body:

    • Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the organism. 1 g of carbs provides 4.2 kcal of energy. Almost all cells use glucose as an energy source. The brain cells and the erythrocytes (red blood cells) rely solely on glucose as an energy source. With a surplus of energy from carbohydrates, the surplus is converted into fat and stored in the body. When storing carbohydrates as body fat, about 30% of the energy is lost.
    • Another important function of carbohydrates is that of a reserve substance. In the form of the body’s own glycogen, carbohydrates represent readily available reserve energy. A person weighing 70 kg has a glycogen reserve of about 350 – 400 g, which corresponds to about 1,500 kcal. The glycogen supply is about 1/3 stored in the liver and about 2/3 in the muscles.
    • Fiber is also carbohydrates. It used to be thought that they were not usable by the human body because human digestive juices contain no enzymes that can break these compounds. It has been overlooked that some dietary fiber is fermented by enzymes of the microorganisms of the large intestine. In addition to gases, short-chain fatty acids, which can be utilized by humans, are also produced. The energy gain from the dietary fiber is negligible due to the small amounts supplied. The intake recommendation of the DGE of 30 g fiber per day is often not reached.

carbohydrates are The Most Important Nutrients

Feed recommendation for carbohydrates:

Since carbohydrates and fats can be widely represented as energy suppliers, there are no exact intake recommendations. For a normal fat metabolism daily 60 – 100 g of carbohydrates are necessary. If too little energy is supplied in the form of carbohydrates and fats, protein is broken down instead of the energy carrier. One speaks therefore of the protein-saving effect of the carbohydrates.

The DGE recommends covering at least 50% of the energy needs of carbohydrates.

Starchy, high molecular weight carbohydrates should be preferred. Consumption of low molecular weight carbohydrates should be reduced.

Carbohydrates in food:

1.) Simple sugars (monosaccharides)

Glucose (glucose)

    • fruit
    • vegetables

Fructose (fructose)

    • fruit
    • honey

Galactose (mucus sugar)

    • milk

2.) Double sugar (disaccharides)

Sucrose (beet and cane sugar)

    • sugar beet
    • sugarcane
    • Table sugar, candy

Lactose (milk sugar)

    • milk
    • Dairy products

Maltose (malt sugar)

    • barley
    • beer
    • malt extract

3.) multiple sugars (polysaccharides)

Strength

    • Grain
    • potatoes
    • legumes

glycogen

    • liver
    • muscles

cellulose

    • all plants

These Home Remedies Can Really Help Sick Children

Home remedies make parents’ hearts beat faster: they promise relief before the child has to take a drug. Which ones really work, which doctors would even apply to their offspring?

In many families, home remedies have been handed down from generation to generation. And although there are medicines for most ailments today, many parents find that grandma’s tips work just as well. This may not be proven in detail – experts can explain the phenomenon anyway.

“Basically, home remedies are virtually unexplored,” says Rainer Stange, an internist and expert on naturopathic treatment at Immanuel Hospital Berlin. But it does not just have to do with the individual active ingredients anyway. The children feel the attention of the parents, explains Hermann Josef Kahl, press spokesman of the professional association of pediatricians. “The psychological effect of such measures should not be underestimated.”

Insofer

There is nothing wrong with treating some symptoms with home remedies. When a doctor looks better the child – for parents, usually have a feeling. “As a parent, one can assess when the child is unusually different than usual: grayer, lethargic or whinerish,” says pediatrician Andreas Volbracht. If parents feel uncomfortable about their child, they should trust their instincts. “It’s pretty well studied that parents’ concerns are consistent with the severity of the disease,” he says.

home-remedies-help-sick-children

For mild ailments, there is a whole range of resources available in almost every family household. An overview:

    1. Fever: Kahl recommends lowering fever only from 39.5 degrees. “Fever has a stimulating effect on the immune system.” Only if children have had a febrile spasm, parents must act the same. Try it first with calf wrap: A dipped in water and wrung thin cloth comes to the lower leg and is packed with a towel again. The water should not be too cold, says Andrea Hagen-Herpay from the midwife association. “Just cool, hand-cold water, which does not scare me if I keep my hand clean.” If the fever lasts more than three days, the condition worsens or if it is an infant, parents have to take the child to the doctor.
    2. Cough: Onion syrup is his favorite home remedy, says Volbracht. Add one or two peeled and diced onions with a few spoons of sugar or honey to an empty jam jar. After simmering the pieces for at least two hours, the onion syrup remains. You can dilute it with water. Children with cough may take one to two tablespoons several times a day. “It causes muscle relaxation in the bronchial muscles. This dissolves the muscular cramping of the respiratory tract, “says Volbracht.
    3. Earache: The onion performs well even with slight earache. Put the pieces of onion in a teabag and put them in front of your ear. “It takes a bit of the tension pain from the eardrum,” says Volbracht. If the pain does not diminish or a high fever occurs, a doctor’s visit is advisable.
    4. Runny nose: Instead of decongesting nose drops, children with a blocked nose sometimes also use a simple saline solution. If you do not want to make it yourself, you can buy finished ampoules from the pharmacy. Midwife Hagen-Herpay drips a droplet into her nose even in the case of cuddly babies. This cools and moisturizes.
    5. Tummy-ache: Children solve many problems over the belly, says Hagen-Herpay. Belly-pain is therefore not always due to a problem in the abdomen. A light massage as well as hot water bottle or cherry stone pillows usually have a calming effect. Abdominal pain with fever, on the other hand, is a case for the doctor.

In case of a gastrointestinal infection, it is especially important to compensate with plenty of drinking the fluid loss. An electrolyte solution can be made by parents themselves by giving dextrose and a pinch of salt to the baby’s favorite tea. “Bigger children also accept black tea,” says Kahl. “It has a healing effect on the inflamed intestinal mucosa.”

Sores and bruises: “In cases of inflammation, compression and bruising, in the case of harmless insect bites – whenever there is heat in the soft tissues and pain, quark is good,” says Stange. Best cold from the fridge, it is applied directly to the painful area. The effect is similar to a cooling pack. “Only that the contact is even better, it gets to the skin well, is very good modellable and also sticks well.” Superficial abrasions, however, only clean. “Just let water run over it, the dirt is gone, and then let the wound dry dry,” advises Kahl.

Typical Symptoms Of Sinusitis

Sinusitis is the medical term for sinusitis. Every 7th person in Germany has sinusitis once a year – often as the remnant of a cold. More about symptoms, causes, and therapy of sinusitis.

Definition

Sinusitis is the technical term for sinusitis. Sinusitis can be acute or chronic. Depending on the inflamed sinus there are:

    • Sinusitis frontalis: inflammation of the frontal sinuses (right and left above the root of the nose above the eyebrows)
    • Maxillary sinusitis: inflammation of the maxillary sinuses (right and left of the nose)
    • Ethomid sinusitis: inflammation of the ethmoid labyrinth (between the nose and the inner corner of the eye)
    • Sphenoidal sinusitis: Inflammation of the sphenoid sinus (right and left behind the ethmoidal cells).

Complications arise when sinusitis spreads to neighboring structures, such as the meninges, the brain, and the ears and eye sockets. Then there are sometimes dangerous suppurations with meningitis, seizures, visual impairment, and middle ear infections.

Symptoms

Typical symptoms of acute sinusitis are headache and a feeling of pressure on the face – depending on the affected cavity in the forehead, jaw, and nose area and around the eyes. The feeling of pressure often increases during bending, sneezing, and coughing as well as during shaking. Sometimes the sense of smell and nasal breathing is limited.

In some patients, the nose feels “closed” – as if blocked. Sometimes the nasal secretion also runs down the throat permanently. Fever and fatigue as well as flu symptoms are also possible. The symptoms can be unilateral or bilateral.

Usually, sinusitis heals after a few weeks (maximum of eight weeks). If they continue to exist or are more likely to have sinusitis (more than four times a year), physicians speak of chronic sinusitis.

Symptoms Of Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis often results from unhealed acute sinusitis. The symptoms are much weaker than with acute sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis is characterized by a long-lasting odor loss and permanent, dull pressure on the face. Inflammatory polyps often grow in the paranasal sinuses. Endoscopically, often only a slight swelling of the nasal mucosa and a thin, clear secretion in chronic sinusitis is recognizable.

Causes

Sinusitis is often preceded by a cold. It is increasingly produced nasal mucus and the mucous membranes swell. Sometimes the small passages between nose and paranasal sinuses swell. If they are completely blocked, the paranasal sinuses are no longer ventilated, the secretion can not drain and jams back. This warm, moist environment is an ideal breeding ground for germs such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Viral sinusitis is often the result of bacterial colonization with influenza, parainfluenza, or rhinoviruses. In bacterial sinusitis Haemophilus influenzae, pneumococci, staphylococci, and streptococci are often the trigger. Even fungi can cause sinusitis.

symptoms-of-chronic-sinusitis

Non-Infectious Causes Of Sinusitis

Ventilation disorders of the paranasal sinuses and thus a disturbing discharge of secretion may also have non-infectious causes. These are, for example, anatomical features such as nasal polyps (benign mucosal growths), a curved nasal septum (so-called septal deviation), large nasal concha, cystic fibrosis, or even tumors.

Sinusitis can also occur as part of allergic disease (such as hay fever or house dust allergy). Furthermore, there is the so-called ketogenic, so dental-related, sinusitis. These pathogens, for example, after dental procedures, tooth root inflammation, or sinus fistulas reach the paranasal sinuses.

A special form of sinusitis is the Samter syndrome (also analgesic intolerance syndrome). Sinusitis occurs simultaneously with an intolerance to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin, ASA), bronchial asthma, and nasal polyps.

Investigation

As a rule, the doctor already diagnoses sinusitis based on the typical symptoms. As a backup, he taps and presses certain areas of the face and inspects the mouth, throat, and throat. Occasionally blood and secretion examinations, allergy tests, and imaging procedures (such as nasal reflection, X-ray, and computed tomography) are used.

Treatment

Usually, the doctor will recommend decongestant nasal drops with drugs such as naphazoline, oxymetazoline, tramazoline, and xylometazoline. However, these should not be applied too long and absolutely according to the regulations. Sometimes, the medical treatment of sinusitis also includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and piroxicam or glucocorticoids (cortisone preparations).

In purulent sinusitis, antibiotics (especially tetracyclines and cephalosporins) are the drugs of choice.

Short and microwave radiation can help cure sinusitis.

In some cases, such as anatomical features, nasal polyps, or nasal septum curvatures, surgery can help.

Home Remedies For Sinusitis

Home remedies for sinusitis support drug therapy and help to relieve the symptoms. The most important home remedy is an adequate supply of fluid. At least 2 liters should be consumed daily. So you liquefy tough secretions, which diluted can drain more easily. You can support the secretion drainage with humid room air as well as steam baths with herbal additives. Anis, chamomile flowers, myrtol, primrose root, thyme herb, and eucalyptus oil are particularly suitable.

No Steam Baths And Essential Oils In Infants And Toddlers

Caution: Infants and toddlers should not use steam baths due to the risk of scalding and, above all, should not use any menthol-containing substances or strong-smelling essential oils. Red light and warmth are better in this age group. Warm linseed or cherry stone pillows on the forehead are often perceived as beneficial.

Other Home Remedies For Adults

    • inhale salt or sea salt with Emser or absorb the saline liquid with the nostril or rinse your nose
    • heat rising footbaths with salt water (start with about 34 degrees warm water and increase to 41 degrees)
    • eat a teaspoon of fresh horseradish three times a day or drink horseradish juice
    • Place horseradish and lemon toppings on forehead or quark toppings on forehead and cheeks
    • Warm potato wraps on forehead and nose several times a day
    • Fix the garlic and lemon slices under the soles of the feet with warm wool socks
    • Herbal teas distributed throughout the day (such as anise, fennel, and thyme)
    • put a bowl of shredded onion on the bedside table
    • Eat chicken soup for attacks of influenza-like infections.

Homeopathy In Sinusitis

For sinusitis the following homeopathic remedies are recommended:

    • Cinnabaris: with oppressive pain at the root of the nose, radiation to the eye, severe pressure pain when stooping
    • Hepar sulfuris: in cold and touch-sensitive patients, complaints worsen by drafts
    • Hydrastis Canadensis: a large number of secretions, headache over the left eye, complaints worsen in the warm room
    • Potassium biochromicum: with thick yellow-green secretions, pressure at the root of the nose, mucus flow in the throat
    • Luffa operculata: in frontal headache, dry and sensitive nasal mucous membranes and crusts in the nose
    • Mercurius solubilis: with purulent nasal secretions, bad breath, and covered tongue, complaints worsen by the warmth of the bed.

Prevention

To prevent sinusitis, you should avoid colds, sleep well, strengthen your immune system, not smoke, maintain a balanced and fresh diet, move a lot, and strive for normal weight.

Watch out for proper whining. It works like this:

    • Under no circumstances trumpet with pressure in the handkerchief. So you squeeze the nasal mucus back into the sinuses. Better careful and with little pressure.
    • Give in to sneezing and do not suppress it
    • Even if it does not belong: preferably “pull up nose”, the secretion is transported into the throat and swallowed.

Spouse of An Addict In Recovery, Who concerns alcohol dependence?

The silent majority

These words are always and used when it comes to the relatives, life companions, spouses, close caregivers, or children of alcoholics. (Where the word co-alcoholism is outdated and could even create the suspicion that the spouse himself had a problem). It is a clear fact that these people suffer from the addictive disorder of their partner’s alcohol sometimes more than the alcoholic himself who does not even recognize the heap of rubble in front of him.

No one gets sick without the participation of a very specific environment. Symptom carrier as well as co-dependent (co = accomplice) condition and fit like the key to the lock. Both are equally disturbed and learn only about their disturbed. They are doing everything they can to keep their system going, no matter how miserable, because that’s what they think is their life.

Dependent sufferers such as co-dependent, disturbed as co-disturbed are like Hehler and Stehler. Only when one of them “flies” can it come to a change (healing, recovery) of the other.

What is co-dependency?

Co-dependency has been a new term in the environment of an alcohol or drug addict for many years, generally describing the condition in which the partner of an addicted person is. Thus, every person can become addicted to co-dependence, regardless of age, gender, social status, level of knowledge, etc. Many other addictions can also cause co-dependency.

If you “dissect” the word co-dependency, the words “co” and “dependency” will remain. If one uses the word “with” for the word “Co”, then the word “Mitabhängigkeit” comes up and describes this behavior a little better. With dependency, we denote a state of no longer getting rid of an addictive substance or substance addict.

spouse-of-an-addict-in-recovery

It is a disease!

It is important to emphasize that what we call co-dependency is, in fact, a disease that occurs in many forms and results from a disease process that is closely linked to the social process.

Since we have not talked about co-dependency until not too long ago, we do not yet have a comprehensive theory of this new concept. The special thing about it is that it was coined by those affected themselves, i. from people who are, or are, admittedly self-co-addicts – not professionals who have a purely theoretical interest in the disease.

Disease

Our knowledge of the course of co-dependency is used almost exclusively in the field of addiction, in connection with the addiction of alcohol. It was also recognized that the risk of relapse was much greater among the alcoholics, who returned to an untreated family. Namely, such a family further favors the search by finding excuses for the addict so as not to have to give up their own co-dependency. Therefore, search experts also work with families to promote the recovery of the addicted person.

Therapy for the affected family

The families were therefore fully informed about alcoholism and pointed out that they themselves are in need of treatment. – yes, be sick. How her illness was and how to treat her, however, remained a book with seven seals.

Like any disease, it has a beginning (the point at which the person no longer masters his or her life – health, mental or emotional), a predictable course (the slowly progressing emotional, physical, psychological, and mental decline), and – if not treated properly will – a foreseeable end (often death).

We know today that co-dependence causes physical discomfort, e.g. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, ulcers, high blood pressure, and even cancer. Often, co-addicts die before the addict.

This finding in the field of addiction treatment has led to the recognition of co-dependency as a serious problem and as a disease with its own symptoms.

Soft Drinks After Exercise Damage The Kidneys

After the sport one likes to refresh oneself with a soft drink. Not a good idea, as a New York study showed, because the drinks have been proven to damage the kidneys and lead to prolonged dehydration.

Soft drinks bad for the kidneys

Soft drinks are far from healthy. Often they contain caffeine, flavors as well as sugar, fructose-glucose syrup, or sweeteners. Meanwhile, they are co-responsible for the worldwide rising numbers of overweight and diabetics.

Researchers from New York University at Buffalo showed in January 2019 that sweet drinks can also affect kidney health when taken during or after exercise. The study appeared in the American Journal of Physiology.

Soft drinks dehydrate

Previous studies from the 1990s have already shown that exercise – when practiced at high temperatures in summer – increases those blood levels that normally only increase when the kidneys have a problem.

At the same time, there were studies (eg from July 2016) in which rats showed that soft drinks with a high fructose content increase the risk of kidney damage if the animals were very thirsty, ie already dehydrated.

soft-drinks-after-exercise-damage-the-kidneys

The New York researchers now linked these two theses in their study. They wanted to find out how soft drinks – compared to water – changed the renal values ​​of dehydrated athletes during summer training.

Study: How do soft drinks affect sports?

The participants were 12 healthy and athletic adults with a median age of 24 years. They completed a 30-minute treadmill exercise and then did exercises that simulated physical work in agriculture for 15 minutes.

After a 45-minute workout, participants rested for 15 minutes and either received a popular caffeinated and flavored high fructose soft drink or water during that time. All in all, they repeated this one-hour procedure four times, so the participants exercised four times for 45 minutes each and then rested for 15 minutes each. At the break, there was always the corresponding drink.

A week later the same event took place again, but this time the groups were exchanged. Those athletes who had previously received the soft drink now drank water and vice versa.

Kidney values ​​worsen after soft drink consumption

On the training days, of course, blood samples were taken regularly – in each case before the training, immediately thereafter, and also 24 hours later. The creatinine levels and the glomerular filtration rate were tested – both are markers that can detect kidney damage. Heart rate, body temperature, body weight, and blood pressure were also checked.

As expected, both kidney-relevant blood levels in the soft drink groups increased. In addition, soft drink users were slightly dehydrated and had higher levels of vasopressin. Vasopressin is a hormone that increases blood pressure while ensuring that the body releases as little water as possible from the urine, so that increased vasopressin levels also point to dehydration.

Never drink soft drinks while doing sports or doing physical work!

So, if you think after the summer training that you can supply yourself with soft drinks with liquid, you were wrong. Soft drinks do not rehydrate completely, on the contrary, they leave the body in a dehydrated state.

Of course, these results are not only for athletes who train in the heat but also for people who (have to) do physical work at high temperatures.

Basically, you should quench your thirst – no matter which group of people you choose – with water. However, especially in the summer or when you sweat a lot, practice a lot or even compete and sometimes drink a lot of water, you should avoid low-mineral water and enrich the water instead of with minerals or some sea or rock salt. Occasionally coconut water can also be used as a high-quality isotonic thirst quencher.

The Right Diet And Vitamins For Mental Health

As long as he can remember, he “somehow always wanted to die,” says Jeff from Northridge, California. As a teenager, he started smoking and drinking crystal meth. For years he wavered between periods of deep depression and manic heights. At the age of 43, he was diagnosed by a psychiatrist: bipolar disorder.

Today Jeff (he does not want to read his surname here) is stable, self-assured, downright lively – thanks to medication. But they also have side effects. Maybe he would not have to swallow so many pills if he would eat differently. New research suggests that proper nutrition can not only avert heart disease and diabetes; With it you can also prevent mental illness or even treat it.

Thus, according to some studies omega-3 fatty acids reduce the risk of schizophrenia; certain nutrient mixtures have helped alleviate anxiety in earthquake survivors. Mentally ill people would be open to treatment options without having to pay the unpleasant price that many medicines bring with them. Weight gain about and listlessness.

Although alternative medicine experts have been recommending certain nutrients for years, “Western medicine has simply ignored that for a long time,” says Eva Selhub, a GP in Boston and author of the book “Your Health Destiny.” Change has only begun since science has become increasingly interested in nutritional psychology. This refers to the nutritional mental health, in contrast to nutritional psychology, which in turn is about psychological influence on eating habits.

Diet change instead of just medications

Research plans were set up, the connections between food and mental well-being examined, research institutes founded. Holistic medical approaches are in vogue anyway. Patients want to be seen as people, not limited to individual symptoms. This fits in with the idea of ​​influencing health through nutrition.

Jerome Sarris, Senior Research Associate at the Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne, believes the traditional separation of body and soul is “paralyzing.” In a review published in the science magazine “The Lancet” he writes that nutrition is as important for psychiatry as it is for cardiology or gastroenterology.

He predicts today that therapists will in future not only ask about the mood of their patients, but also about their sleep, exercise and eating habits. They may prescribe diet or supplements rather than just medications.

At best, according to Sarris, such approaches would take at least ten years to become accepted in practice. With the necessary drugs already in place, donors would not be willing to fund nutrition research, says Julia Rucklidge, a professor of clinical psychology at Canterbury University.

vitamins-for-mental-health

Little research on nutritional supplementation

Even magazines were reluctant to publish such studies, in the belief that nobody cares. Nevertheless, 11 nutrition and mental health studies are funded by the National Institute for Mental Health or its holistic medicine spin-off. And a spokesman for the New England Journal of Medicine wrote in an e-mail that “a handful” of dietary supplements have appeared there.

Advocates say the time is ripe for new ways to treat mental illness. Although the development of medicines has led to a sharp decline in the number of deaths from heart disease and cancer. But in the US, 41,000 people still die every year, compared to around 10,000 in Germany. The number has been stagnant for around 15 years.

“Why do we continue to regard medication as a recognized, viable treatment option for people with severe mental illness?” Rucklidge asks.

More mentally ill because of sitting?

Scientists predict that as more and more people accept the sedentary Western lifestyle with its high-fat and high-sugar diet, the number of mental illnesses will continue to rise.

In fact, more and more new studies have confirmed that balanced nutrition contributes to precaution. A 2013 study published in “BMC Medicine” found that a modified Mediterranean diet reduced the risk of developing depression three years later.

Now researchers want to know if a change in diet can also be used to treat depression. This is helped by the recently launched SMILES study, where randomly selected participants change their diet and are then compared to a support group.

Folic acid for depression

Also supplements could bring relief. For example, research found a connection between vitamin D deficiency and twice the schizophrenia risk; There is also evidence that folic acid may act as an antidepressant.

Nutrient combinations that are more tailored to your physical needs could work even better. In a study of adults who were suffering from anxiety or stress after the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, Rucklidge found that subjects taking a combination of nutrients experienced a severe decline in mental symptoms.

In addition, there are findings that point to the relationship between intestinal bacteria and brain health; Initial research shows that probiotics – good bacteria – can lift mood and thinking.

There are, of course, studies that found that participants given selected nutrients did not fare better than those treated with placebos (Rucklidge notes, including psychiatric unremarkable patients, which did not improve at all) ).

Connection of nutrition and psychiatry

And although nutrients have only weak side effects, they can harbor certain risks. In addition, healthy eating needs motivation – and mental disorders “deprive people of their willpower,” as Jeff says.

Nevertheless, Sarris and Rucklidge hope that the growing number of essays, organizations and conferences dealing with nutrition and psychiatry will make the subject last longer. “I’m confident,” says Rucklidge. “More and more often I can make people think: Maybe the madman from the university is right.”