Carbohydrates are The Most Important Nutrients

Carbohydrates are the most important nutrients in humans besides fats and proteins. They are formed from the substances carbon, water, and oxygen, through photosynthesis, in the plants using solar energy and chlorophyll.

Carbohydrates can be divided into:

    • Simple sugars (monosaccharides):
    • Glucose, fructose, galactose
    • (Low molecular weight)
    • Double sugar (disaccharides):
    • Sucrose, lactose, maltose
    • (Low molecular weight)
    • Multiple sugars (polysaccharides):
    • Starch, glycogen, cellulose
    • (High molecular weight)

The various carbohydrates of food are converted into glucose in the body. From glucose, cells can also synthesize other sugars for specific tasks. The carbons are in the body in constant assembly and disassembly.

Tasks of carbohydrates in the body:

    • Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the organism. 1 g of carbs provides 4.2 kcal of energy. Almost all cells use glucose as an energy source. The brain cells and the erythrocytes (red blood cells) rely solely on glucose as an energy source. With a surplus of energy from carbohydrates, the surplus is converted into fat and stored in the body. When storing carbohydrates as body fat, about 30% of the energy is lost.
    • Another important function of carbohydrates is that of a reserve substance. In the form of the body’s own glycogen, carbohydrates represent readily available reserve energy. A person weighing 70 kg has a glycogen reserve of about 350 – 400 g, which corresponds to about 1,500 kcal. The glycogen supply is about 1/3 stored in the liver and about 2/3 in the muscles.
    • Fiber is also carbohydrates. It used to be thought that they were not usable by the human body because human digestive juices contain no enzymes that can break these compounds. It has been overlooked that some dietary fiber is fermented by enzymes of the microorganisms of the large intestine. In addition to gases, short-chain fatty acids, which can be utilized by humans, are also produced. The energy gain from the dietary fiber is negligible due to the small amounts supplied. The intake recommendation of the DGE of 30 g fiber per day is often not reached.

carbohydrates are The Most Important Nutrients

Feed recommendation for carbohydrates:

Since carbohydrates and fats can be widely represented as energy suppliers, there are no exact intake recommendations. For a normal fat metabolism daily 60 – 100 g of carbohydrates are necessary. If too little energy is supplied in the form of carbohydrates and fats, protein is broken down instead of the energy carrier. One speaks therefore of the protein-saving effect of the carbohydrates.

The DGE recommends covering at least 50% of the energy needs of carbohydrates.

Starchy, high molecular weight carbohydrates should be preferred. Consumption of low molecular weight carbohydrates should be reduced.

Carbohydrates in food:

1.) Simple sugars (monosaccharides)

Glucose (glucose)

    • fruit
    • vegetables

Fructose (fructose)

    • fruit
    • honey

Galactose (mucus sugar)

    • milk

2.) Double sugar (disaccharides)

Sucrose (beet and cane sugar)

    • sugar beet
    • sugarcane
    • Table sugar, candy

Lactose (milk sugar)

    • milk
    • Dairy products

Maltose (malt sugar)

    • barley
    • beer
    • malt extract

3.) multiple sugars (polysaccharides)

Strength

    • Grain
    • potatoes
    • legumes

glycogen

    • liver
    • muscles

cellulose

    • all plants

Balanced Nutrition: Eating Not Just On The Pleasure Principle

Often we eat at our whim or out of habit, because at this time we just have lunch. Less from actual hunger, which is a feeling he does not know about most Germans.

Do Not Just Eat According To The Pleasure Principle

Often we eat at our whim or out of habit, because at this time we just have lunch. Less from actual hunger, which is a feeling he does not know about most Germans. And the crowd: Most of us eat as we were taught; For example, 200 g of meat per adult per lunch – and every day!

Four Reasons Why We Should Eat Less Meat

    1. Meat is hard to digest but quickly perishable. Look for the next piece of meat on the piece that you swallow. Is it crushed to pulp or is it more like a lump? Surely you will find that meat can not dissolve one hundred percent. Even our stomach and intestine are not able to do this because they have neither the right teeth nor any other device for it. So it happens that meat is not completely digested and excreted, but often remains in the pockets and folds of the intestine until it disintegrates. Colon cancer can be a result of it.
    2. For regular meat eaters, blood and tissues often have higher ammonia levels. The excess animal protein turns into nitrogen, which forms ammonia. Ammonia is one of the strongest toxic substances in the body. It deforms the cells and the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid, main component of chromosomes and carriers of genetic information) and can cause cancer. Also, ammonia has a foul smell, which we excrete through the skin and the throat, which we perceive as body and halitosis.
    3. Animal foods contain arachidonic acid, a polyunsaturated fatty acid that forms pro-inflammatory eicosanoids in the human body. This favors rheumatic diseases. Arachidonic acid is found in meat, sausages, eggs and dairy products. However, two small portions of meat a week are irrelevant to the arachidonic acid level. Fish also contains arachidonic acid, but this is counteracted by the EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) also contained in sea fish protein. So that more often (2-3 times a week) fish should be eaten from the sea, especially if there are already rheumatic complaints. This can be smoked fish, fried, steamed or z. B. the herring from the tin. Read here also our article “Hering does rheumatism well”.
    4. Fats (lipids) as in the meat increase the cholesterol level (LDL cholesterol) in the blood. He produces two grams of cholesterol, which our body needs every day. Cholesterol is a basic substance of the body and is produced in the liver. This vital fat-like substance is needed to build stable cell membranes, make bile acids, without which the digestion of certain foods does not work, produce vitamin D, which is needed to build up the bones, and sex hormones, eg. Testosterone and estrogens, as well as hormones of the adrenal cortex, such as cortisone to form. With the consumption of sausage, meat, fish and poultry we take about 70 mg of additional cholesterol per 100 g (for milk, cheese, egg, fat and oil the average is even 84 mg cholesterol per 100 g). If the body is unable to break down or excrete these fats, they will accumulate in the blood vessels just like lime. If this process is not stopped (eg with cholesterol-free diet), over time a vasoconstriction forms, the cause of stroke and heart attack.

do-not-just-eat-according-to-the-pleasure-principle

Well Chewed, Is Half Digested

Thorough chewing plays an important role in good digestion. B. of meat. Each bite should be chewed 35 to 50 times. The more we chew, the more saliva forms, which is an important basis for digestion. Saliva contains the necessary enzymes that start the digestive process. Saliva is highly alkaline and is the antagonist to stomach acid. The alkaline porridge restores the balance in the acidic environment of the stomach and protects it from excess acid, which can attack the stomach lining and cause stomach discomfort or gastric ulcers.

It is also important not to drink at meals. The liquid would wash away the saliva without it being able to develop its beneficial effect. It depends on the composition of the food The balanced diet is a conscious, healthy, wholesome and varied compilation of food and drink. These should be largely chemically untreated and carefully prepared. This ensures that the body receives all vital nutrients such as protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, trace elements and minerals in sufficient quantities. It depends on the right amount: Little meat, but more fish, fruits, vegetables and whole grains (like rice, bread, rolls, noodles)

The Right Diet And Vitamins For Mental Health

As long as he can remember, he “somehow always wanted to die,” says Jeff from Northridge, California. As a teenager, he started smoking and drinking crystal meth. For years he wavered between periods of deep depression and manic heights. At the age of 43, he was diagnosed by a psychiatrist: bipolar disorder.

Today Jeff (he does not want to read his surname here) is stable, self-assured, downright lively – thanks to medication. But they also have side effects. Maybe he would not have to swallow so many pills if he would eat differently. New research suggests that proper nutrition can not only avert heart disease and diabetes; With it you can also prevent mental illness or even treat it.

Thus, according to some studies omega-3 fatty acids reduce the risk of schizophrenia; certain nutrient mixtures have helped alleviate anxiety in earthquake survivors. Mentally ill people would be open to treatment options without having to pay the unpleasant price that many medicines bring with them. Weight gain about and listlessness.

Although alternative medicine experts have been recommending certain nutrients for years, “Western medicine has simply ignored that for a long time,” says Eva Selhub, a GP in Boston and author of the book “Your Health Destiny.” Change has only begun since science has become increasingly interested in nutritional psychology. This refers to the nutritional mental health, in contrast to nutritional psychology, which in turn is about psychological influence on eating habits.

Diet change instead of just medications

Research plans were set up, the connections between food and mental well-being examined, research institutes founded. Holistic medical approaches are in vogue anyway. Patients want to be seen as people, not limited to individual symptoms. This fits in with the idea of ​​influencing health through nutrition.

Jerome Sarris, Senior Research Associate at the Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne, believes the traditional separation of body and soul is “paralyzing.” In a review published in the science magazine “The Lancet” he writes that nutrition is as important for psychiatry as it is for cardiology or gastroenterology.

He predicts today that therapists will in future not only ask about the mood of their patients, but also about their sleep, exercise and eating habits. They may prescribe diet or supplements rather than just medications.

At best, according to Sarris, such approaches would take at least ten years to become accepted in practice. With the necessary drugs already in place, donors would not be willing to fund nutrition research, says Julia Rucklidge, a professor of clinical psychology at Canterbury University.

vitamins-for-mental-health

Little research on nutritional supplementation

Even magazines were reluctant to publish such studies, in the belief that nobody cares. Nevertheless, 11 nutrition and mental health studies are funded by the National Institute for Mental Health or its holistic medicine spin-off. And a spokesman for the New England Journal of Medicine wrote in an e-mail that “a handful” of dietary supplements have appeared there.

Advocates say the time is ripe for new ways to treat mental illness. Although the development of medicines has led to a sharp decline in the number of deaths from heart disease and cancer. But in the US, 41,000 people still die every year, compared to around 10,000 in Germany. The number has been stagnant for around 15 years.

“Why do we continue to regard medication as a recognized, viable treatment option for people with severe mental illness?” Rucklidge asks.

More mentally ill because of sitting?

Scientists predict that as more and more people accept the sedentary Western lifestyle with its high-fat and high-sugar diet, the number of mental illnesses will continue to rise.

In fact, more and more new studies have confirmed that balanced nutrition contributes to precaution. A 2013 study published in “BMC Medicine” found that a modified Mediterranean diet reduced the risk of developing depression three years later.

Now researchers want to know if a change in diet can also be used to treat depression. This is helped by the recently launched SMILES study, where randomly selected participants change their diet and are then compared to a support group.

Folic acid for depression

Also supplements could bring relief. For example, research found a connection between vitamin D deficiency and twice the schizophrenia risk; There is also evidence that folic acid may act as an antidepressant.

Nutrient combinations that are more tailored to your physical needs could work even better. In a study of adults who were suffering from anxiety or stress after the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, Rucklidge found that subjects taking a combination of nutrients experienced a severe decline in mental symptoms.

In addition, there are findings that point to the relationship between intestinal bacteria and brain health; Initial research shows that probiotics – good bacteria – can lift mood and thinking.

There are, of course, studies that found that participants given selected nutrients did not fare better than those treated with placebos (Rucklidge notes, including psychiatric unremarkable patients, which did not improve at all) ).

Connection of nutrition and psychiatry

And although nutrients have only weak side effects, they can harbor certain risks. In addition, healthy eating needs motivation – and mental disorders “deprive people of their willpower,” as Jeff says.

Nevertheless, Sarris and Rucklidge hope that the growing number of essays, organizations and conferences dealing with nutrition and psychiatry will make the subject last longer. “I’m confident,” says Rucklidge. “More and more often I can make people think: Maybe the madman from the university is right.”

Amino Acids And Their Importance To The Immune System

    1. Arginine

Arginine is an important amino acid that keeps the cells of the intestinal mucosa healthy. A healthy intestinal mucosa is indispensable for a functioning immune defense. In addition, arginine stimulates the thymus gland, which sits behind the breastbone and forms important cells for the immune system, whereby the defense cells are increased and activated. In addition, arginine is also the most important precursor of nitric oxide (NO) in the human body.

Lack of NO often leads to cardiovascular disease. Arginine protects blood vessels by relaxing blood vessels, improving blood circulation, normalizing blood pressure, and counteracting the formation of blood clots. Studies have shown that the formation of NO can be increased by the supply of arginine and thus the vessels are kept healthy. In addition to this positive effect on the cardiovascular system, arginine has other beneficial effects.1 It has a positive effect on wound healing and the formation of collagen.2 Collagen is an important component of skin, bones, tendons, cartilage, blood vessels, and blood vessels teeth.

    1. Glutamine

Glutamine is an amino acid that the body needs for the formation of lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells that are responsible for the production of antibodies and thus represent an important part of the immune system. Glutamine is predominantly in the muscle cells. During physical activity, the muscle consumes glucose and glutamine. These two substances are then missing the immune system. A weakened immune system can be caused, among other things by a glutamine and glucose deficiency. Recent studies suggest that glutamine is indispensable for the metabolism as well as the structure and function of the intestine.

amino-acids

    1. Glycine

Glycine is the smallest amino acid in the human body and involved in the production of antibodies. Glycine prevents premature cell death. In addition, it is involved in the production of antibodies and therefore very important for a healthy immune system. Together with cysteine ​​and glutamic acid, it forms an antioxidant (radical scavenger). Antioxidants relieve inflammatory processes in the body.4

    1. Cysteine

Cysteine ​​affects the immune system because it supports the maturation of lymphocytes, activates cells that are needed for the immune defense and play a role in the formation of an important antioxidant in the liver.5

    1. Folic Acid

Folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that is present in foods as folate. 80 to 90% of people in Germany consume less folic acid than recommended. Folic acid is particularly important for women who want to have children and pregnant women because it reduces the risk of miscarriage and can prevent malformations. Folic acid is also important for all people because it participates in cell division, especially in the bone marrow and digestive tract. In addition, folic acid prevents homocysteinemia. Homocysteinemia means that there are too many cell toxins in the blood, which is known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

    1. Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)

The term vitamin B6 summarizes several substances that are similar in structure. Vitamin B6 is involved in about 100 enzyme reactions. The reactions are almost all related to the metabolism of the amino acids (protein building blocks). Vitamin B6 is also essential for nerve and brain metabolism and supports the immune system’s defenses.

    1. Cobalamin (vitamin B12)

Vitamin B12 plays a very important role in the whole metabolism and in almost all metabolic processes. It is important as a co-factor of enzymes in the mitochondria (“power plants” of the cells), is important in the defense against infection, and for the function of the nervous system.

    1. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

Ascorbic acid is an important antioxidant (radical scavenger), i. H. it prevents the oxidation of important molecules. In addition, vitamin C has many important properties that are good for your health. Mainly, vitamin C is involved in the defense against viruses and bacteria by mainly accumulating in the leukocytes (white blood cells) and supports activated T cells (white blood cell group that promotes the immune system).

    1. Calcium

Calcium is a mineral that is involved in many important processes in the body. It stabilizes and strengthens bones and teeth. Calcium is also very important for the nerves and muscles as it controls tension and irritation. Calcium also plays an important role in blood clotting and cells.

    1. Zinc

Zinc is an indispensable (essential) trace element. It is part of many enzymes and is important for sugar, fat, and protein metabolism. In addition, it is involved in the structure of the genetic material and cell growth. Zinc is needed for many important processes in the body, such as growth, regeneration, and the immune system. Zinc can not be stored in the body and therefore needs to be applied daily. Zinc deficiency can be manifested by brittle nails, a weak immune system, anemia, and growth disorders. 

    1. Selenium

Selenium is also an indispensable (essential) trace element. It plays an important role as a radical scavenger and is involved in the growth processes of almost all cells of the body. It forms antibodies and is therefore important for the immune defense. Selenium is also involved in various metabolic processes. Various studies have shown that the use of selenium reduces the risk of lung, prostate and colon cancer.

How To Choose A Ripe Avocado?

For many, avocados are still exceptional, although it can be found in every market or specialty store. But its excellent taste and numerous useful properties are worth every bit of attention and if you are not yet familiar with the taste of this wonderful fruit and do not know how to choose it correctly, we recommend that you read the information below and fill in the gap.

How do I choose the right avocado?

On the shelves, you can meet avocado Different varieties. Mostly these are green fruits, with smooth or narrow skin. The latter is preferable for purchase and consumption because they have a smaller bone size and the bark of the ripe fruit can be easily cleaned by beating them with a slightly sharp knife without touching the meat.

Smooth fruits of the avocado have a lighter color, the bone is larger and takes up more volume, and the shell is cleared only with the help of a knife along with a portion of the inner pulp. The taste of such an avocado is in no way worse, which surpasses them only in terms of benefits and in the more pure pulp.

ripe-avocado

How to choose the good fruit in the store avocado?

When choosing an avocado, at the first turn, we pay attention to the softness of the fetus. If you squeeze it, the meat should bend slightly and immediately return to its original appearance. If the dent remains, then it is not worth buying such an avocado – most likely it is already overripe and is more likely to rot inside.

If the avocado is too hard you can buy it, but in this case, it will be necessary for you to leave your home in room conditions in a paper bag for two to five days to allow the fruit to ripen.

and also pay attention to the color of the fruit. The darker it is, the softer the meat is and the avocado will be ripe. In a well-seasoned avocado, when you shave it, you can hear a beating bone inside. If there is no knock – the avocado is still green and it will take time to ripen.

How to choose avocado for salad?

If you prepare an avocado for a salad, then you should stop the selection on a specimen with still cracking bone, but a little soft structure, which can be judged correctly when pressing on the skin. There should be little pressure and spring immediately. If you choose a fruit that is too ripe, its pulp is oily and soft. This avocado can be used to make sauces, smoothies, desserts, or just eat so, smeared on a slice of toast or bread. For a salad, the pulp should be slightly denser.

Black Seed – Application

Caraway has long been known not only as a well-known botanical plant. He showed excellent as a medical raw material. In every form, caraway seeds increase the motor and secretory functions of the stomach. The cumin is also used as an antispasmodic, laxative, and choleretic.

Black Cumin Seed – Application

1. Useful caraway fruits for nursing mothers, which contribute to a natural increase in lactation.
2. In the atony of the stomach, cumin is used as an appetizing agent.
3. Has laxative and carminative properties, which is well suited for use in constipation and flatulence.
4. Useful for improving memory when using it with a teaspoon of honey.
5. Good for removing warts with apple cider vinegar.
6. The regular use of caraway improves the skin color of the face.

This oil has toning properties while improving brain activity. It is useful to take cumin oil with constant mental stress, as well as nervous work. Using this product allows you to normalize urination and remove toxins from the body. It has expectorant properties, so cumin oil is recommended for colds and heavy coughs. In bronchitis, rubbing with oil is used as an external application. It is strictly forbidden to use some kind of black cumin oil in pregnant women.

black-seed-application

Black Cumin Oil – Application Method

This oil is usually used for curative and preventive purposes. It also improves immunity and is recommended for use in the following dosages:

• For children just take half a teaspoon once a day, and
• Adults are allowed a full teaspoon a day.

Cumin oil is consumed in the morning 30 minutes after eating. Upon request, it can be mixed with fruit juices, yogurt, or honey. This treatment does not last longer than 4 months. After a two-month break, the treatment can be repeated.

Black Cumin – weight loss application

This plant is not only for the preservation of health but also for the preservation of the figure. To improve the shape, we need the same caraway oil. To get the best result, the standard application can be doubled. There is a special scheme for the absorption of this oil:

    1. During the first week, flour and potatoes should be excluded from the diet and 1 teaspoon with a glass of water before breakfast.
    2. The second week starts with 1 teaspoon of oil and a glass of water before breakfast and dinner every day.
    3. In the third week, take two tablespoons of butter and two glasses of water before breakfast.
    4. The fourth week is characterized by 1 teaspoon of butter before breakfast along with a glass of water.
    5. The second month of diet goes without preserving water, and the oil is taken in the same scheme before breakfast only on a tablespoon.
    6. In the third and fourth week of the second month, the oil intake increases up to three times a day before meals. if desired

Since the use of black cumin is common not only for medical purposes but also in cosmetics, it is still widely used for preparing delicious dishes in the kitchen. In beauty salons, cumin is used for relaxing and therapeutic massages, moisturizing masks, and many other cosmetic procedures. The addition of black cumin to various creams and masks improves the fragrance, the effect, and the absorbency of the agents’ increase. Therefore, beauticians use caraway for rejuvenation and a beautiful complexion.

Differentiate The Natural Honey From The Fake

For the time being it is certain that the table you have a bowl of natural honey can only be made if the bee product is produced on its own apiary. Otherwise, even those who are busy in beekeeping and selling honey on an industrial scale are not always honest with buyers and often dilute the product with various surrogates, close to the taste for natural honeybees, to increase profits. In addition, beekeepers feed the bees with sugar syrup for the same purpose, adversely affecting the beneficial properties of the product and significantly reducing its value. How can a simple resident distinguish natural honey from artificial honey and avoid buying a bad product? Let’s look at how the natural honey should be in color, taste, and texture to easily distinguish it from a counterfeit.

How do I differentiate the natural honey from the fake?

The first thing you need to keep in mind when buying honey is its density and density. The natural product flows slowly from the spoon, snakes in the glass, forming a film that spreads not immediately, but gradually. If you try to spin a spoon during the flow of honey, the product winds around it rather than continuing to drain. Of course, the taste and smell of the bee product is not of minor importance. The latter should be soft, pleasant, flowery, and not caramel, be sharp, intrusive or not at all.

If you like the taste of natural bee honey then you should feel a slight bitterness, a slight bitterness, and you should definitely feel a slight sore throat.

Be sure to pay attention to the color of natural floral honey. It can range from light brown and yellow to dark brown, but not overly light. If you have a transparent light in front of you, then the bees are beyond all doubt just fed sugar syrup. Such a product will not hurt, but it will not be useful.

If the organoleptic method is to determine the authenticity of natural honey you do not get, or you still doubt the quality of the product you have purchased, then you can resort to more sophisticated tests.

Differentiate-The-Natural-Honey-From-The-Fake

How to determine natural honey at home?

The admixture in the honey of moisture or sugar syrup maybe identifies with a special chemical pencil. In that case, he will change the color. If you do not have one, you can use the usual blotting paper and drop one drop of the product. If honey is natural and quality, it will not get wet.

Another sure way to ensure the authenticity of honey It is necessary to put a little honey on a sheet of plain paper and set it on fire. Natural honey does not burn and does not change color, the only paper will burn in this case, and honey stays. If the adulterer is in front of you, it will darken, it will smoke or you will smell the scorched sugar.

Vitamins, Minerals, and Fibers

Vitamins – Vital Ingredients of The Food

Vitamins are vital ingredients of the food. They do not provide energy but are indispensable for many metabolic processes.

Vitamins: Detailed

Vitamins are organic substances that the organism needs for certain vital functions, but can not, or only in insufficient quantities, produce itself. Vitamins are thus essential, i. they must be ingested regularly with food. The daily requirement for these micronutrients is low compared to the required amounts of energy supplying nutrients.

Provitamins are vitamin precursors, which are only converted into the active vitamin in the body.

Requirements and quantity recommendation:

The need for vitamins depends on the individual, his physical and psychological condition (eg illnesses, stress). The information for adequate vitamin intake should take into account: age, gender, level of performance, health status, dietary composition, etc.

The indicated desirable daily intake levels contain a safety margin that exceeds the requirement. The indicated quantities do not have to be recorded daily. On average, however, the supply should correspond to these quantities.

As critical vitamins, i. Vitamins, which are often below the recommended intake, are the vitamins B1, B2, B6, and folic acid in Germany. To detect possible deficiencies in the supply of vitamins, nutrient recommendations are issued, which apply to about 97% of the population.

As you can see in the sometimes very different intake recommendations for vitamins and minerals, there is still no certainty about what quantities the human body needs exactly. The individual needs may vary. For some vitamins, different values ​​apply for women and men, as well as for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Age also influences the nutritional requirements as well as diseases or special burdens.

vitamins-are-vital-ingredients-of-the-food

There are two groups of vitamins:

  • Fat-soluble vitamins:

Vitamins A, D, E, and K are included in the group of fat-soluble vitamins. The absorption of fat-soluble vitamins is done together with dietary fats. Excessive vitamins of this group are stored in the body. Man can get by these supplies after a regular and sufficient supply for some time with less intake quantities. The body can only excrete small amounts of these vitamins via the intestine. As a result, overdose is possible. Beware of self-medication!

  • Water-soluble vitamins:

Vitamin C and the Vitamin B Complex (Vitamin B1, B2, B6, B12, Niacin (PP), Pantothenic Acid (Coenzyme A), Folic Acid (M), Biotin (H), Rutin (P), Ortoic Acid (B13), Pangametine (B15)) are water-soluble vitamins. Water-soluble vitamins can only be stored in small quantities. The body’s storage capacity for these vitamins varies greatly: Vitamin B1: 1-2 weeks, B2, B6, C, and niacin: 2-6 weeks, folic acid: 3-4 months, B12: 3-5 years. [Lit-1] Therefore, they must be supplied to the body regularly in sufficient quantity. Surpluses are excreted via the kidneys (urine). Overdoses are still possible.

Minerals / Quantity Elements 

Minerals are components of inorganic food that cannot be produced by the body itself. Minerals are essential (vital) components of all living cells and are involved in the metabolism.

Minerals: Detailed

The proportion of minerals in the human body is about 4% of body weight.

Minerals are differentiated according to the amount in which they occur in the body. Volume elements are minerals that are contained in the human body at more than 50 mg per kg of body weight. Trace elements are minerals that make up less than 50 mg per kg of body weight. The quantity elements are often referred to as minerals (as on this page) also in contrast to the trace elements.

Humans need minerals for many functions, eg. As for the build-up of body substances (bones, muscles) and the maintenance of enzyme activities.

Purpose of minerals in the body:

  • Minerals are part of the skeleton and teeth. They give the bones the strength.
  • Minerals affect in dissolved form, as electrolytes, vital properties of body fluids, eg. B. Maintenance of osmotic pressure.
  • Minerals are essential components of organic compounds in the body. Iodine is part of the thyroid hormone, cobalt of vitamin B12, the iron of hemoglobin, etc.

Minerals in food:

How high the mineral content of various foods depends not least on how many minerals contained the soil on which the plant grew or what the animal got to eat. It should also be noted that some nutrients may have a beneficial or inhibiting effect on mineral intake.

Fiber-How-much-and-for-what

Fiber: How much and for what?

What is dietary fiber?

The term “dietary fiber” comes from a time when these food ingredients have been considered as “superfluous ballast”.

The fiber is mostly carbohydrates. It used to be thought that dietary fiber was not usable by the human body because human digestive juices contain no enzymes that can break down these compounds. It has been overlooked that some of the dietary fiber is fermented by enzymes of the microorganisms of the large intestine. In addition to gases, short-chain fatty acids, which can be utilized by humans, are also produced. The energy gain from dietary fiber (2-3 kcal / g) is negligible due to the low amounts added. The intake recommendation of the DGE of 30 g fiber per day is often not reached.

The fibers include cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, agar-agar, lignin, etc.

One distinguishes between insoluble and soluble fiber.

The insoluble fiber can increase its volume thanks to its high swelling capacity. That is, they bind fluid, thereby increasing the volume of the intestinal contents, which in turn accelerates the natural intestinal movement and reduces the residence time of the chyme in the intestine. Ingested in sufficient quantities, they can prevent widespread constipation.

The soluble fiber binds bile acids (which consist of 80 percent cholesterol) and other metabolic products and ensures their elimination. In this way less cholesterol gets into the blood and the cholesterol level drops.

All fiber, except lignin, can bind water. In the so-called swelling substances, the water-binding can be up to 100 times its own weight.

Effect of dietary fiber:

Positive effect of fiber

    • lasting satiety
    • Binding and removal of cholesterol and bile acid, thereby lowering cholesterol levels.
    • Increase in colonic mobility (mobility)
    • Water retention in the colon, which contributes to a supple chair.
    • Prevention of a number of chronic bowel diseases.
    • possibly reducing the colorectal cancer risk

Negative effect of dietary fiber

    • Flatulence due to gas formation of microorganisms
    • additional contamination with xenobiotics
    • direct epithelial damage (intestinal mucosal tissue)
    • Binding of calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc, which reduces their absorption rate.
    • Intestinal entanglement due to excessive colon filling.

Fiber in food:

Dietary fiber is found only in vegetable products, especially whole grains, legumes, vegetables, salads, sprouts and fruit.

Fiber in 100g food:

    • Oatmeal: 10 g
    • Wheat Germ: 17.7 g
    • Wheat bran: 45.4 g
    • Rice: 4.5 g
    • Crispbread: 14 g
    • Peas: 16.6 g
    • Corn: 9.7 g
    • Lentils: 17 g
    • Soybeans: 21.9 g
    • Beans, white: 23.2 g
    • Kale: 4.2 g
    • Cauliflower: 26.3 g
    • Carrots: 12.1 g
    • Prunes, dried: 5.0 g
    • Whole wheat pasta: 8.0 g

Cholesterol Levels And The Influence Of Alcohol

We know that the food we eat can have an effect on our cholesterol level, but did you know that alcohol can also play a role? It is generally suggested that a glass of red wine per day can actually benefit cholesterol and heart health, but there are still many side effects associated with alcohol consumption.

Numerous studies have suggested that consuming alcohol, preferably red wine, in moderation can help promote heart health and even longevity. On the other hand, excessive alcohol consumption can actually increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, increase blood pressure, contribute to obesity, and increase blood triglycerides.

Heavy alcohol consumption was also associated with liver disease, heart weakened muscles, and even congestive heart failure. The American Heart Association does not recommend adding alcohol to your daily diet to support a healthy heart. Instead, they recommend eating well, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly.

cholesterol-levels-and-the-influence-of-alcohol

If you are already in a state of health, you should always discuss with your doctor if the alcohol intake is really safe for you. Alcohol can aggravate certain health conditions and can lead to negative side effects when dealing with medication.

Cholesterol And Alcohol Link

Your diet can definitely raise or lower your cholesterol level. Even if you think you are playing it safe because there is no cholesterol in alcohol, there are other ways in which alcohol can negatively affect your heart rate. For example, beer contains carbohydrates and alcohol that can increase your triglyceride count. Increased triglyceride levels can contribute to heart disease.

Beer also contains plant sterols that bind to cholesterol and transport it out of the body. That may sound promising, but researchers have found that beer does not have enough of plant sterols that significantly affect cholesterol levels.

Alcoholic spirits, such as whiskey and vodka, also contain no cholesterol, but when These drinks, which are served in premixed cocktails, contain high levels of sugar, which can affect cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

How Much Alcohol Should You Drink?

Moderate drinking is defined as one drink per day for men and women two drinks per day for men. Studies that have shown the benefits of moderate drinking for cholesterol and heart health use this definition. Drinking more than the recommended amount has been associated with adverse health effects.

It really is hard to say what to drink and how much to drink In relation to heart health and cholesterol. Generally, if you want to improve your heart rates, it is best to stick with healthy lifestyle choices. Since alcohol can affect many different aspects of your health, it is probably safer to avoid it to reduce other related complications such as liver disease. Not to say that you can not enjoy the occasional drink, but making alcohol part of your daily diet may not be worth it.

Improve Lung Function With Nutrition

If you want to do something good for your lungs, you should regularly eat plenty of apples and tomatoes. These two foods seem to have a particularly positive effect on lung health. They inhibit the natural aging process of the lungs and allow the lungs of former smokers to recover much faster. In addition to apples and tomatoes, other foods have been found to help the lungs in the past. There are also foods that should not be eaten for the sake of the lungs.

High fiber foods protect the lungs

The type of diet enormously influences the state of health of the individual organs. This is evident in the organs of the digestive system. After all, they come into direct contact with food. In the lungs, however, one can hardly imagine that these organs could be happy about fiber, for example. But that’s exactly the case:

People who eat high-fiber foods are more likely to have healthy lung function than low-fiber people, as we’ve already reported here: fiber protects the lungs, and you’ll also find a list of the best fiber suppliers.

Foods with beta-cryptoxanthin reduce lung cancer risk

And it’s not just fiber that’s good for the lungs. Even foods containing the so-called beta-cryptoxanthin seem to have an extremely positive effect on the lungs, as a study from November 2016 had shown. The substance is found in all red and orange vegetables and fruits and reduces the risk of lung cancer. Details and the corresponding food can be found here: Plant substance reduces lung cancer risk

Improve-lung-function-with-nutrition

Apples, tomatoes, and bananas promote the repair of the lungs

Apples, tomatoes, and other antioxidant-rich foods also help to keep the lungs healthy, and even make sure that damaged lungs can recover faster – as reported by the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in December 2017 at the European Respiratory Journal announced.

In their study, scientists looked at the nutrition and lung function of more than 650 adults – once in 2002 and then ten years later in 2012. Participants came from Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom.

The more tomatoes, the better the lung functions

Anyone who had once smoked could slow down the natural aging process of his lungs if he followed a diet rich in vegetables and fruits. Especially tomatoes, bananas, and apples proved to be helpful in the investigation. These foods appear to contain special substances that also contributed to a faster recovery of the tobacco-damaged lungs after smoking cessation.

But also for people who had never smoked, a healthier lung function could be observed, if they had eaten the said food regularly. Yes, the more tomatoes the participants had on the diet, the better.

And because the condition of the lungs is closely correlated with the risk of death – be it through chronic lung disease, heart disease, lung cancer or other diseases – the increased consumption of tomatoes is certainly a very good idea. Read also: Drink for lung cleansing.

Only fresh fruits and vegetables work

However, it is not enough to eat a tomato or an apple now and then. You should consume more than two tomatoes per day or more than three servings of fresh fruits per day to achieve the mentioned benefits (1 serving = 80 g). Also processed tomato products, eg. B. tomato sauce from the glass or fruit from the can did not have a corresponding effect. Only fresh fruits and vegetables had a positive impact on lung health.

Nutrition advice for lung patients and risk groups recommended

Study author Dr. Vanessa Garcia-Larsen said the results showed the need for nutritional recommendations, especially for high-risk groups. People with weakened lungs or first signs of certain lung diseases, such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), should therefore be given appropriate nutritional advice.

More often eat foods that help with repair of the lungs

Already at the age of about thirty the lung functions begin to weaken – depending on the general condition of the person. If you eat many fruits and vegetables, you can slow down the age-related worsening of lung function and better repair lung damage such as smoking.

“Nutrition, as we now know, is an important way to combat increasingly common COPD diseases,” concludes Garcia-Larsen.

Further information on the positive effects of a healthy diet on lung health can be found here: Healthy diet protects against smoker’s cough. Important is here u. a. that sugar and white flour products as well as foods with a high glycemic load (= foods that cause high blood sugar levels) should be avoided.